NYC – Greenwich Village – Christopher Park – Fire Zouaves flagstaff

NYC – Greenwich Village – Christopher Park – Fire Zouaves flagstaff
Virginia Union University
Image by wallyg
This flagstaff, erected in 1936 by the Greenwich Village Historical Society, commemorates the memory of the valorous young Patriot, Elmer E. Ellsworth and his infantry unit that fought with the Union Army in the early years of the Civil War.

Organized in May 1961 by Colonel Ellsworth, the 11th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, alternately known as the Ellsworth Zouaves, First Fire Zouaves, First Regiment New York Zouaves, and Fire Zouaves, were drawn from the ranks of the city’s many volunteer fire companies. The unit was maong the first to occupy the territory of a Confederate state, when it captured Alexandria, Virginia on May 24, 1861, less than 24 hours after the Commonwealth seceded from the Union. Elmer Ephraim Ellsworth (1837-1881), who studied law in Abraham Lincoln’s office and later helped him campaign for president, was the first man of his rank killed in the Civil War, after being shot by James W. Jackson, whose Confederate Flag he cut down after capturing Alexandria. The regiment went on to suffer extensive casualties while serving as the rear guard for the retreating Union army during the First Battle of Bull Run. After several failed attempts to reorganize, it was mustered out of service on June 2, 1862.
The land that is now Christopher Park was developed from 1633 to 1638 as a tobacco farm by Wouter Van Twiller, Director-General of New Netherland. Following Van Twiller’s death, his land was divided into three farms: the Trinity Church and Elbert Herring farms to the south and Sir Peter Warren¡¦s farm to the north. Skinner Road was laid out along the line separating the Warren farm from the other two. This road was later renamed Christopher Street, honoring Charles Christopher Amos, an heir of a trustee to the Warren estate

Between 1789 and 1829, Christopher Street was subdivided into lots, and blocks were laid out along its length. Due to the irregular configuration of streets in Greenwich Village, blocks were not laid out according to a standard grid plan, and many oddly-shaped blocks were created. In the early 1800s, the population of Greenwich Village expanded dramatically, and the area around Christopher Street began to suffer from overcrowding. When a devastating fire tore through the area in 1835, residents petitioned the City to condemn a triangular block at the intersection of Christopher, Grove, and West 4th Streets and establish a much-needed open space on the site. On April 5, 1837 the City condemned the parcel and created Christopher Park.

Christopher Park, which is graced with a 130-year-old fence, contains two other monuments. Joseph Pollia’s statue of General Philip H. Sheridan stands at the eastern end. George Segal’s statue, Gay Liberation, a duplicate of the one installed at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, was placed here in 1992.

Fire Rescue at the Fire Museum

Fire Rescue at the Fire Museum
Virginia Insurance
Image by elycefeliz
The history of organized firefighting dates back at least to Ancient Egypt, where hand-operated pumps may have been employed to extinguish fires.

he first Roman fire brigade of which we have any substantial history was created by Marcus Licinius Crassus. Marcus Licinius Crassus was born into a wealthy Roman family around the year 115 BC, and acquired an enormous fortune through (in the words of Plutarch) "fire and rapine." One of his most lucrative schemes took advantage of the fact that Rome had no fire department. Crassus filled this void by creating his own brigade—500 men strong—which rushed to burning buildings at the first cry of alarm. Upon arriving at the scene, however, the fire fighters did nothing while their employer bargained over the price of their services with the distressed property owner. If Crassus could not negotiate a satisfactory price, his men simply let the structure burn to the ground, after which he offered to purchase it for a fraction of its value. Augustus took the basic idea from Crassus and then built on it to form the Vigiles in AD 6 to combat fires using bucket brigades and pumps, as well as poles, hooks and even ballistae to tear down buildings in advance of the flames. The Vigiles patrolled the streets of Rome to watch for fires and served as a police force. The later brigades consisted of hundreds of men, all ready for action. When there was a fire, the men would line up to the nearest water source and pass buckets hand in hand to the fire.

In Europe, firefighting was quite rudimentary until the 17th century. In 1254, a royal decree of King Saint Louis of France created the so-called guet bourgeois ("burgess watch"), allowing the residents of Paris to establish their own night watches, separate from the king’s night watches, to prevent and stop crimes and fires. After the Hundred Years’ War, the population of Paris expanded again, and the city, much larger than any other city in Europe at the time, was the scene of several great fires in the 16th century. As a consequence, King Charles IX disbanded the residents’ night watches and left the king’s watches as the only one responsible for checking crimes and fires.

London suffered great fires in 798, 982, 989, 1212 and above all in 1666 (Great Fire of London). The Great Fire of 1666 started in a baker’s shop on Pudding Lane, consumed about two square miles (5 km²) of the city, leaving tens of thousands homeless. Prior to this fire, London had no organized fire protection system. Afterwards, insurance companies formed private fire brigades to protect their clients’ property. Insurance brigades would only fight fires at buildings the company insured. These buildings were identified by fire insurance marks. The key breakthrough in firefighting arrived in the 17th century with the first fire engines. Manual pumps, rediscovered in Europe after 1500 (allegedly used in Augsburg in 1518 and in Nuremberg in 1657), were only force pumps and had a very short range due to the lack of hoses. German inventor Hans Hautsch improved the manual pump by creating the first suction and force pump and adding some flexible hoses to the pump. In 1672, Dutch inventor Jan Van der Heyden invented the fire hose. Constructed of flexible leather and coupled every 50 feet (15 m) with brass fittings, the length remains the standard to this day in mainland Europe whilst in the UK the standard length is either 23m or 25m. The fire engine was further developed by Richard Newsham of London in 1725. Pulled as a cart to the fire, these manual pumps were manned by teams of men and could deliver up to 160 gallons per minute.

In 1631 Boston’s governor John Winthrop outlawed wooden chimneys and thatched roofs.[1] In 1648, the New Amsterdam governor Peter Stuyvesant appointed four men to act as fire wardens. They were empowered to inspect all chimneys and to fine any violators of the rules. The city burghers later appointed eight prominent citizens to the "Rattle Watch" – these men volunteered to patrol the streets at night carrying large wooden rattles. If a fire was seen, the men spun the rattles, then directed the responding citizens to form bucket brigades. On January 27, 1678 the first fire engine company went into service with its captain (foreman) Thomas Atkins. In 1736 Benjamin Franklin established the Union Fire Company in Philadelphia.

George Washington was a volunteer firefighter in Alexandria, Virginia. In 1774, as a member of the Friendship Veterans Fire Engine Company, he bought a new fire engine and gave it to the town, which was its very first. However the United States did not have government-run fire departments until around the time of the American Civil War. Prior to this time, private fire brigades compete with one another to be the first to respond to a fire because insurance companies paid brigades to save buildings.[citation needed] Underwriters also employed their own Salvage Corps in some cities. The first known female firefighter Molly Williams took her place with the men on the dragropes during the blizzard of 1818 and pulled the pumper to the fire through the deep snow.

The History of the Fire Museum of Greater Cincinnati
In 1906, the building that now houses the Fire Museum of Greater Cincinnati was home to the Engine Company #45 Firehouse. Because of this, the Fire Museum of Greater Cincinnati is now included in the National Register of Historic Places.

Farmers’ mutual fire insurance companies in West Virginia. 302

Farmers’ mutual fire insurance companies in West Virginia. 302

This book, “Farmers’ mutual fire insurance companies in West Virginia. 302”, by Abrahamsen, Martin Abraham, 1908-, is a replication of a book originally published before 1941. It has been restored by human beings, page by page, so that you may enjoy it in a form as close to the original as possible. This book was created using print-on-demand technology. Thank you for supporting classic literature.

List Price: $ 33.95

Price: $ 33.95

sky on fire.

sky on fire.
Virginia Insurance
Image by kappuru
I miss this place.
I miss the feeling I at the top.
Cold, yes, but every shivering gust of wind and brief retreat to the
inside of the car brought me a real, tactile, sensation, that I was
here, I was alive, and doing the best I could.
Real friendships can come out of three days time.

Thinking back on this weekend, wearing someone elses (read: STOLEN)
Frost Valley hoodie (as it is unseasonably cold here right now..)
I wish I could be back there.
For a few moments, I didn’t really have anything to worry about.
Now, though..
Well. Circumstances and things being what they are..
(indeed, I remarked to derik one day before the trip that things were
too good..)
My laptop is broken. (it’s going to get fixed)
Right now, I am uncertain whether I will be able to continue my
education here at SCAD, mainly money issues. (this might get fixed
With a new car to buy, insurance to pay, and the 900 dollars recently
liquidated from my possession (read: laptop repair, bed, bills)..
I may have to leave this place I love. Student loans and expectations
both hanging over me like so many vultures.
I’ll stop doing the thing that’s brought me the greatest sense of
happiness I’ve known in a long time.

This past year has brought me so much farther than I’ve ever been in my life;
and I will be sad to see it go.

Hoping against hope there’s a way to make it out of this.

If there’s not, then I at least tried my best to make it, and came pretty close.

See you on the other side.

Order and Opinion – Fire Insurance Rate Case / Case No. 3602 / Commonwealth of Virginia – At the Relation of State Corporation Commission vs. Aetna Insurance Company, et als. / Upon a General Investigation of the Rate Charges, etc., for Fire and Lightning Insurance (Exclusive of Sprinkler Risks) Reviews

Order and Opinion – Fire Insurance Rate Case / Case No. 3602 / Commonwealth of Virginia – At the Relation of State Corporation Commission vs. Aetna Insurance Company, et als. / Upon a General Investigation of the Rate Charges, etc., for Fire and Lightning Insurance (Exclusive of Sprinkler Risks)


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